Diabetic Medicare covers the fasting blood glucose test, which is a diabetes screening. Medicare covers two diabetes screenings each year for beneficiaries who are at high risk for diabetes. High risk factors for diabetes include: high blood pressure, history of abnormal sterol and triglyceride levels, obesity, or a history of high glucose. If this disorder runs in your family, you additionally may also need regular diabetes testing. Diabetic Medicare may include Therapeutic shoe, Glucose control solution or Lancet devices or Lancets as prescribed by your doctor.